bacterial genetics lecture notes

This lecture note discusses the principles of genetics with application to the study of biological function at the level of molecules, cells, and multicellular organisms, including humans. ; The first gene of com E operon, com … Overview: Microbial Model Systems. The protein involved in transformation of these Gram +ve bacteria is a product of com; In Bacillus subtilis, the com gene are organized into several operons. In recombination, a new chromosome with a genotype different from that of the parent results from the combination of genetic material from two organisms. Bacterial nucleoid The genetic information of bacterial cell is mostly contain in a single, long molecule of double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Transduction. Genetics Lecture Notes by MIT. In conjugation, bacteria transfer plasmid or chromosomal DNA to another bacterial cell through a bridge between the cells called a pilus. MICROBIOLOGY - AN INTRODUCTION, by Tortora, Funke, and Case, 10th edition. Feel free to contact the Admin if you have any doubts or quires. Please click on the desired topic to access its contents. Microorganisms have the ability to acquire genes and thereby undergo the process of recombination. Genetic elements A. Chromosome B. Plasmids 1. I recommend you download and print (handout format!) Transformation. Microbiology Lecture - 05 Bacterial Genetics - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Introduction to Microbial Genetics. • Molecular genetics: introduction to bacterial genetics; structure of the bacterial chromosome; comparative genomics; DNA replication and fidelity. the lecture notes before coming to class. Bacterial Genetics A significant portion of bacterial genetics, the study of bacteria, have been devoted to medical and industrial purposes. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF GENETIC MATERIAL DNA & RNA DNA=deoxyribonucleic acid RNA=ribonucleic acid Basic building blocks: Nucleotides Phosphate group … This process doesn’t require a living donor cell and only requires free DNA in the environment. Microbial Genetics Notes. PowerPoint Resources. MICROBIAL GENETICS PREPARED BY WELFREDO YU,JR. Conjugation is carried out in several steps: 1. Small, circular DNA molecules that can exist independently of the chromosome 2. Chapter 18 The Genetics of Viruses and Bacteria Lecture Outline . However, genetic exchanges between bacteria prior to replication of the genome result in genetic diversity that is passed on to daughter cells. First, we need a way of getting chromosomal DNA from one cell into another. Choose from 500 different sets of lecture notes microbial genetics flashcards on Quizlet. 1953 – James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins discovered structure of DNA. These three mechanisms are outlined in the figure below. Characteristics a) Much smaller than the chromosome (<1/20th the size), ranging in size from 200 kb to 2 kb. Microbio 310 1st Edition Lecture 11 Outline of Last Lecture I 9 1 General Properties of Viruses II 9 2 Nature of the Virion III 9 3 The Virus Host IV… UMass Amherst MICROBIO 310 - Lecture 11: Bacterial Genetics…GradeBuddy Microbial Physiology 11:680:481 . Conjugation is the technique of transfer of genetic material from one bacteria to another placed in contact. Bacterial transformation is the transfer of free DNA released from a donor bacterium into the extracellular environment that results in assimilation and usually an expression of the newly acquired trait in a recipient bacterium.. Description: Microbial physiology is a 3 credit course with two 1 hour 20 minute lectures each week. Lecture 13 Gene Manipulation in Bacteria There is no meiosis in bacteria so special techniques have been worked out for manipulating genes in bacteria so that mapping experiments, strain construction, and complementation tests can be done. This results in genetically identical daughter cells. Notes: 1) For the last lecture section (Activating Transcription), the exam questions will all come from the lecture notes. that period many of the bacteria that cause human disease were identified and characterized. Bacterial genetics is used as a model to understand . For the easy navigation, the topics were categorized into modules. Micro 2054 - Microbial Genetics. Learn lecture notes microbial genetics with free interactive flashcards. 2) The topic selection for lecture is subject to change at the instructor discretion. This method was proposed by Lederberg and Tatum. PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Bacterial Genetics powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. 2. MICROBIAL GENETICS 1. You are also requested to visit our Genetics PPT and Genetics MCQ pages. Chapter 14 Lecture Notes: Microbial Genetics – Recombination and Plasmids I. Genetic Molecules in a Prokaryotic Cell. The bacterial … virology lecture notes will not only be a place to share knowledge but also to help students get inspired to explore and discover many creative ideas from themselves. DNA t… GENETICS. About Science Prof Online. This helps you give your presentation on Bacterial Genetics in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations.. In transduction, phage carry bacterial chromosomal DNA from a cell that underwent a lytic infection to another bacterial cell. Desire2Learn (D2L) Site Powerpoint presentations, copies of literature discussion and reference articles, and other materials will be available via the class D2L site (Microbial Genetics Bio-375/575). Science Prof Online (SPO) is a free science education website that provides fully-developed Virtual Science Classrooms, science-related PowerPoints, articles and images. 0 Viruses and bacteria are the simplest biological systems—microbial models in which scientists find life’s fundamental molecular mechanisms in their most basic, accessible forms. There are several ways to do this. Mating pair formation 2. Conjugal DNA synthesis 3. Bacteria reproduce by the process of Binary Fission: the chromosome in the mother cell is replicated and a copy is allocated to each of the daughter cells. DNA replication, genetic characters, their changes & transfer to next generations. Bacteria are ideal for genetic research and engineering because they are easily cultured, possess single chromosomes with less complexity, and have plasmids that can be conveniently used as cloning vectors. 2. A Short Course in Bacterial Genetics: Lab Manual, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. They discovered that the F-factor can move between E.colicells and proposed the concept of conjugation. Lectures and seminars will cover the following topics: • Evolutionary genetics: prebiotic chemistry; ribozymes as molecular fossils; molecular phylogenetics and population genetics. There are various conjugal plasmids carried by various bacterial species. Chapter 9- An Introduction to Microbial Genetics* *Lecture notes are to be used as a study guide only and do not represent the comprehensive information you will need to know for the exams. 3. Bacteria can acquire DNA (i.e., new genes) in 3 basic ways: 1) Transformation • uptake and retention of external DNA molecules 2) Conjugation • direct transfer of DNA from one bacterium to another 3) Transduction • the transfer of DNA between bacteria by a virus PowerPoint lecture on Microbial Genetics used in an actual college microbiology classroom. Microbial Physiology is an intensive course with the goal of integrating biochemistry and Bacterial Genome – DNA, usually circular, sometimes linear, 1500X the cell length Plasmid – extrachromosomal circular, double stranded DNA - much smaller than a genome, not found in all bacteria - usually transferred by … The textbook is still relevant, but only as a resource if there are topics in the slides that are unclear. The cell solves the problem of packaging this enormous macromolecule by condensing and looping it into a supercoloid state. ; The product of com A and com K are involved in regulation of competence and other com E, com F and com G encodes structural protein for uptake of DNA. The course is taught by one instructor whom is faculty in the department of Biochemistry and Microbiology. Some Microbial and Genetics Resources, Websites 1. Figure: competence in Bacillus subtilis. Dear Biology Aspirants, Here you can find the Lecture Notes in Genetics. Bacteria are readily visible when present in large numbers because they make a … Individual bacteria were first observed microscopically by Antony van Leeuwenhoek at the end of the 17th century. Mcq pages bacteria Lecture Outline bacteria transfer plasmid or chromosomal DNA to bacterial... Are outlined in the department of Biochemistry and microbiology are various conjugal plasmids carried by various bacterial.! 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