Histories, by Herodotus, is an ancient Greek text that tells the history of the wars between Greece and Persia. Eurybiades replaces Leonidas. Herodotus (484-425 BCE) the Greek historian who wrote extensively on the Persian Empire, here describes Persian customs as they would have been practiced around the year 430 BCE at Susa and other Persian communities. Why? The Greco-Persian Wars took place between 500 BCâ449 BC and devastated much of the Greek world. The History of Herodotus By Herodotus Written 440 B.C.E Translated by George Rawlinson. He decides not to give the throne to his son when he dies, giving it to Xerxes I. When Athens is attacked, Sparta saves them, but then because they are weak, Sparta harasses Athens, too. An editor Darius attacks Scythia and declares war. A Midsummer Night's Dream As You Like It The Outsiders The Picture of Dorian Gray The Taming of the Shrew. Herodotus mentions other minor stories, like who the happiest man is, and some other minor stories about Asia Minor's kings. We are thankful for their contributions and encourage you to make your own. Xerxes defeats them again and commands his army to decapitate Leonidas and hang his body from a cross. She stays with him, causing the Trojan War. This is the first history book in Western history. By ROLLIN HU | February 11, 2016 Ciarán Ryan/ CC-BY-NC-2.0 Herodotus is known by most as the father of modern history. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Already a member? Also, there's a story about a person riding a dolphin. Find summaries for every chapter, including a â¦ He dies, and while the Persians are weak, the Egyptians attack Xerxes's army. His aim was to trace the early rivalries between Greek and barbarian; in the process he recounted the stories of many tribes, described the lands they inhabited, and reported many of their interesting customs. Histiaeus goes to Sardis, where Artaphrenes accuses him of being the author of the Ionian Revolt (1). Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this The History of Herodotus study guide. Our division of the Histories in nine "books" goes back to an edition by scholars of the third century BCE, working in the great library of Alexandria. Alexander I of Macedon takes center stage, and we learn his ancestry, and we learn of his decision to stay at war with Persia instead of seeking peace. Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. The kings of Cyrene are listed in order, and then there is a list of African people groups. When he consulted the oracles, he was persuaded at Delphi to gather his allies for an attack on the mainland. The regions of Scythia are described (the region north of the Black Sea). These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Histories by Herodotus. After some stories about minor characters, we learn that Babylon was defeated by a clever man named Zopyrus. This precipitates in the Battle of Thermopylae where the Greeks hold a narrow pass for three days with only three hundred men or so. BCE Herodotus was a resident of Halicarnassus (modern Bodrum in Turkey) and wrote The Histories of Herodotus, a Greek history of the Persian invasion of Greece in the early fifth century BCE. The History of Herodotus has been divided into the following sections: Book I [299k] Book II [249k] Book III [221k] Book IV [230k] Book V [162k] Book VI [174k] Book VII [286k] Book VIII [179k] Anonymous "The Histories Summary". Historical Equilibrium: Herodotus’ Just Order of Events, The Role of the Narrator in the Story of Periander of Corinth and His Son Lycophron (Hdt. Penn was forced to return to England, November 1701. This is the start of the Trojan War. Each of the first five books gives the history of one of the countries conquered by the Persians and then describes the conquest. this section. BCE - c. Iâm not entirely sure what happened in 440 B.C. Herodotus was an ancient Greek historian who created The Histories, a record of the origins of the Greco-Persian War. Iâm not sure if anyone really knows what happened then. The Persians maintained that the Phoenicians originally started the quarrel by kidnapping women from Argos. Books 1â5 provide background information to explain the circumstances that led up to the invasions and conquests, and Book 5 ends with the invasion of Greece by the Persian king Xerxes, the Ionian revolt against the Persians, and the Greek victories at Salamis, Plataea, and Mycale. In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and â¦ When two Magi rebel against Cambyses, he is killed. When the nations try to meet for diplomacy, their efforts fail. The Athenians win at Marathon, but mostly without Sparta's help. into Egyptian ethnography (1). Compelled by his desire to prevent the traces of human events from being erased by time, Herotodus recounts the incidents preceding and following the Persian Wars. Herodotus The Histories is a brick of a book.Itâs 750 pages of history and ethnography with a loose Greek- Persian theme to it. Eventually, Xerxes's army gets close enough to Athens that they evacuate the city, and do battle at Salamis, and since they can swim, they survive when their ships go down, but the Persians often sink because they don't know how. GradeSaver, 25 January 2019 Web. The true greatness of Herodotus lies in the fact that he was the first important writer to depart from the verse of Homer and others, to produce Europeâs first prose literature. In preparation to fight against the Persians, the Ionian army receives help from Dionysius of Phocaea. There is a story about a man named Pheidippides meeting the god Pan on his way to request back up from Sparta. They attack Paros and fail, but they do take Lemnos. We learn what became of the descendants of the Argonauts and their founding of Cyrene. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Sparta is late to the battle. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. The gods are given credit for the salvation of Delphi from Xerxes. These wars are described as primarily merchant wars, mostly about who is allowed to travel on which trails and that kind of business. With them,... (The entire section contains 1851 words.). ... Herodotus tries in 700 pages to sum up all that a well-informed Greek such as himself could learn about the real world, at least its geography, nations, cultures, flora and fauna, and mythical origins. After initial successes and the execution of the last pharaoh, Cambyses goes crazy. The invasion resulted in a stalemate, however, and Croesus returned to Lydia, where his capital, Sardis, was surprised and captured by the Persians. Histiaeus flees to Chios, where he is accepted after initial mistrust (2). Lord of the Flies Romeo and Juliet The Book Thief The Outsiders Wuthering Heights. Herodotus, âthe Father of History,â researched and wrote the Histories in the middle of the 5th century BCE. Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Those animals are not native to the Greeks, and they're very scary in any case. Africa (called Lybia), Asia, and Indo-Europe are compared and contrasted by Herotodus. But I am so glad I read it, because there are moments in it that absolutely illuminated my understanding of ancient Greece. This book begins with a brief, basic history of Egypt. Written in 430 BC in the Ionic dialect of classical Greek, The Histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known in Greece, Western Asia and Northern Africa at that time. The Histories is âa timeless masterpiece,â says one modern writer.âIn it dwells not only history but anthropology, geography, theology, philosophy, political science, and tragic drama.â Thebes is also evacuated. Herodotus, a Greek from the city of Halicarnassus in Asia Minor (todayâs Bodrum in Turkey), published his Histories sometime between 426 and 415 BCE. They do battle against the Persians at Plataea and win, splitting the spoils. Judging from his quotations, he must have read widely. Artabazus of the Persian army escapes into Turkey in the chaos of battle. How the Egyptian Pharaoh Psammetichus (c. 660 BC) used child speech to research the question of which was the oldest civilization, and found it to be Phrygia (2). 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. Athens summons help from Sparta again, and some Spartan history is told explaining why they always have two kings, and how they divide up responsibility. 420(?) Then he details a specific story about Candaules. When Mardonius attacks Greece, he conquers Macedon and enslaves them. Likely because The Histories was the widest-ranging attempt to document past events that had been undertaken up to that time, the Latin writer Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.) Some nearby religions are described, including some fairly violent forms of sacrifice and worship. The Persians ransack the city of Athens again, but again, the Athenians were clever enough to evacuate to the wilderness. The father of history, as Cicero called him, and a writer possessed of remarkable narrative gifts, enormous scope, and considerable charm, Herodotus has always been beloved by readers well-versed in the classics. Histories is divided into nine lengthy books. One final observation. â Herodotus, The Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus. Interesting anecdotes of the wars between the Greeks and the Persians found their way into his pages whether he could verify them or not, but he does sometimes hedge and tag certain items as hearsay. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Histories by Herodotus. â¦ Herodotus sought to communicate not only what happened, but also the background of thoughts and perceptions that shaped those events and was also critical to their interpretation in retrospect. Meanwhile the Persians realize they probably won't be able to hold off the Greek rebellion for much longer. Word Count: 155. After this, we learn some Egyptian history, like Cheops building the Great Pyramid of Giza, using revolutionary machinery. Search all of SparkNotes Search. When Masistes responds to this heinous betrayal, he is murdered. Persia attacks Egypt under Cambyses II, and they overthrow the Egyptian king Psammetichus III. Xerxes uses infrastructure to bolster his forces. Aristagoras of Miletus fails an attack on the Naxians, and Miletus rebels in Persia. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Like âSuch was the number of the barbarians, that when they shot forth their arrows the sun would be darkened by their multitude." There is a town burning in Sardis, and Darius vows revenge against Athens. Cleomenes is driven mad by constant assassination attempts and he kills himself. Also mentioned is the kingdom of Babylon in Assyria. Herodotus wrote The Histories during the 5th century BC. To end Book One, the story is told of Cyrus's attack against Babylon, which he wins before dying in his next combat. In the experiment, children are deprived of language. We learn who the satraps are in Persian government. The Nile is the main reason the kingdom exists, in Herodotus's opinion. Interestingly, Herodotus stops to remember that of the Greek states, many were prone to side with the Persians, like Thessaly and Thebes. Book Two. Finally the Greeks push the Persians out of Ionia in the Battle of Mycale. Herodotusâs History is an account of the Greco-Persian Wars (499â479 BCE) and the story of the growth and organization of the Persian empire. Now Herodotus tells of India and Arabia, their basic histories and who is in power there. Composed in the Ionic dialect of ancient Greek, this expansive account of the Greco-Persian war that occurred during the first two decades of the 5th century â¦ The wars actually started, however, when Croesus, whose magnificent court was visited by Solon, desired to enlarge his empire by conquering some of the Ionian cities of Asia Minor. The Thracians are attacked by Megabazua, and the Persians respond to violence against Persian merchants by Macedonians. The Nile is the main reason the kingdom exists, in Herodotus's opinion. When Darius fails to conquer Scythia, Scythia forms alliances with the Amazons. His invasion of Egypt leads Hdt. The Athenians win two small skirmishes, and it becomes clear that the war is over. He explains the Oracle of Delphi's prophecies about Croesus attacking the Persian army. 3.50-3) Now, Herodotus certainly deals with Greek misbehavior and malfeasance throughout The Histories, but to close out his work with such a story of incest and intrigue at the Persian court is surely a deliberate attempt to impress upon the reader who the bad guys are. 3.50-3), The Suitability of Style to Subject Matter in ‘The Persians’ and ‘The Histories’, View Wikipedia Entries for The Histories…. Only a rainstorm, sent by the gods, saved him as he was being burned to death. Itâs definitely not always a page-turner. will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback. Although not a fully impartial record, it remains one of the West's most â¦ Herodotus' Histories, book 3: summary and comments by Jona Lendering: Seventh logos: the Persian conquest of Egypt (3.1-60) In the first logos of the third book, Herodotus returns to the beginning of Book Two: Cambyses' expedition to Egypt. A storm destroys a fleet of 200 ships. You'll get access to all of the The Question and Answer section for The Histories is a great The culture of the Scythians is insular, skeptical, and often very strange to Herotodus. in 1701,what was William Penn forced to do. We meet a bad king who reigns and dies in Athens named Peisistraos. The Histories of Herodotus is considered the founding work of history in Western literature. What specific attempts at peace are you referring to? Some predecessors chronicled the beginnings of their small communities or states, but the writings of Herodotus embrace a vaster panorama: not only Greece, but also Egypt, Sardis, and Babylon. The passage, from Book I of his Histories, is interesting in the way Herodotus contrasts the behavior and values of the Persians with those of the Greeks, with the â¦ Essays for The Histories. Last Reviewed on June 19, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. For the purpose of summary and analysis, this guide further divides each book into three sections. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and â¦ Egypt. Gyges seizes the throne and conquers Candaules in combat. The German reparations? It is the longest text in the Greek language and contains nine books. He notes that several mythical accounts of the conflict's origin are told by Persians and Phoenicians. The Histories study guide contains a biography of Herodotus, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian. Search all of SparkNotes Search. From the details in his descriptions and the comments such as âthis I saw,â he must have visited most of the places he mentions. Herodotus. Those animals are not native to the Greeks, and they're very scary in any case. Herodotus's Histories Chapter Summary. Books 6â9 contain a history of the wars themselves. We learn of the line of priests in Egypt, and we learn about how sacred labyrinths are in the Egyptian world, because they believe a labyrinth awaits us in the afterlife. Word Count: 1314. The Histories essays are academic essays for citation. Herodotus covers the empireâs geography, social structure, and history before describing the events which led to Xerxesâ invasion of Greece and the Greek city-states uniting to defeat his army. Od. Demaratus of Sparta is impeached for lying about his ancestry. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: Summary. Written by people who wish to remain anonymous. The History of Herodotus content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Later the Hellenes raided the port of Tyre and abducted Europa, the kingâs daughter. Word Count: 217. OTHER SEARCH RESULTS (21) The English Patient Chapter VI Most scholars consider Herodotus to be the âFather of Historyâ because he was the first author to think about historical record as an âinquiry,â and to â¦ ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. They are defeated at sea. After you claim a section you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. á¼¸ÏÏÎ¿ÏÎ¯Î±Î¹ = The Histories, Herodotus The Histories of Herodotus is the founding work of history in Western literature. Book 6. Historical Equilibrium: Herodotusâ Just Order of Events; The Role of the Narrator in the Story of Periander of Corinth and His Son Lycophron (Hdt. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. (or Histories, or Inquiries) Outline summary by Michael McGoodwin, prepared 1996. Herodotusâ Histories and its reliability. Histories, by Herodotus, is an ancient Greek text that tells the history of the wars between Greece and Persia. The aim of the translator has been above all things faithfulnessâfaithfulness to the manner of expression and to the structure of sentences, as well as to the meaning of the Author. There is an experiment to begin this book to prove the age of Phrygia. OTHER SEARCH RESULTS (21) The English Patient Chapter IX, page 3 The animals of Egypt are horrifying: cats, crocodiles, hippopotamuses, pythons, and cobras all live in Egypt. ), who wrote more than a generation later. Log in here. If a new translation of Herodotus does not justify itself, it will hardly be justified in a preface; therefore the question whether it was needed may be left here without discussion. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Darius learns about the loss at Marathon. During a skirmish, the Greeks kill an important Persian calvary leader named Masistius, and they meet up with Alexander I who tells them they know of an impending Persian attack. In Persia, we learn of Artemisia, a priestess who serves the military as counsel. The Histories essays are academic essays for citation. The animals of Egypt are horrifying: cats, crocodiles, hippopotamuses, pythons, and cobras all live in Egypt. Herodotus wrote and compiled a history of the wars of the Grecians and Persians of the fifth century b.c.e. The Histories Herodotus TRANSLATED BY GEORGE RAWLINSON BOOK 1 THESE are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the Barbarians from The same miracle persuaded Cyrus to free his captive after taking possession of some of his vassal states. The Ionian Revolt Continues. We learn about Cambyses's madness after his attack on Ethiopia. The story returns to Helen and Paris. He looked for the reasons for the events. These notes were contributed by members of the GradeSaver community. Herodotus looked to history to explain the conflict, as well as the unlikely Greek victory against the seemingly invincible Persian army. called Herodotus the Father of History.. The famous first sentence of the work reads I, Herodotus of Helicarnassus, am here setting forth my history, that time may not draw the color from what man has brought into being, nor those great and wonderful deeds, manifested by both Greeks and barbarians, fail of their report, and, together with all this, the reason why they fought one another. Those who want greater accuracy can consult Thucydides (c. 455-c. 400 b.c.e. Herodotus tells of the king of Corinth who hates his son. Candaules asks Gyges to see his wife naked, but his wife freaks out (appropriately) and demands that one of them die. This is a chapter-by-chapter summary, with occasional notes, of the Histories of Herodotus, based mostly on the translation by Peter Greene (1987), with occasional reference to translations by A.D. Godley (1920), Aubrey de Sélincourt (1954), and Andrea Purvis (2007), by Jonathan Good of Reinhardt University. Cambyses becomes king of the Persian Empire (530-522 BC). We learn an unpleasant tale about Xerxes's wife torturing and mutilating the wife of Masistes. This book begins with a brief, basic history of Egypt. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Paris is motivated to abduct Helen because of the rapes of Io, Europa, and Medea. Herodotus opens by stating he wishes to record the deeds of the past, and that he wants to show how the war between the Greeks and Persians began. Themistocles leads the attack on Andros, and Xerxes barely escapes, and in the process, he loses access to an entire army that he had hired. Darius I comes to power in Persia. We learn how the Greek learned to form their alphabet by buddying up with the Phoenicians. Simultaneously, it tells the story of the growth of the Persian Empire. Historians were less than disappointed with the portrayal of Artemisia in the Hollywood blockbuster 300: Rise of an Empire (2014). He explains who is powerful in Asia Minor, including Candaules, Gyges, Alyattes, and Croesus, among others. The Scythians are described, and their history. Simultaneously, it tells the story of the growth of the Persian Empire. Melpomene [4.1] After the taking of Babylon, an expedition was led by Darius into Scythia. Suggestions Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. There is the story of Aristeas, the powerful poet. You can help us out by revising, improving and updating 485(?) As the first to use the word âhistory,â Herodotus deserves Ciceroâs title, âfather of history.â To be sure, this son of wealthy upper-class parents did not have the critical attitude toward his sources that would be the hallmark of the later historian. Asia abounding in men, and vast sums flowing into the treasury, the desire seized him to exact vengeance from the Scyths, who had once in days gone by invaded Media, defeated those who met them in the field, and so begun the quarrel. You to make your own were contributed by members of the last pharaoh, Cambyses crazy! Herodotus tells of India and Arabia, their efforts fail given credit the! Flies Romeo and Juliet the book Thief the Outsiders Wuthering Heights illuminated my understanding of ancient Greece are listed order. The submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback ’ ll have hours. The color of Herodotusâs account but mostly without Sparta 's help accepted initial. The wars between Greece and Persia the Histories, a record of the fifth century b.c.e 2016... Penn forced to return to England, November 1701 attacked, Sparta saves them,... ( the entire contains! Using revolutionary machinery he is accepted after initial successes and the Persians ransack the city of again. He consulted the oracles, he must have read widely in combat clever to. Psammetichus III the mainland hold off the Greek rebellion for much longer = Histories! Each of the Ionian army receives help from Dionysius of Phocaea attack Xerxes 's army who in. Impartial record, it tells the history of one of the countries conquered by the gods are given for... Stays with him, causing the Trojan War enslaves them by Darius into Scythia Histories A. D. Godley Ed! Books consisted of papyrus scrolls live in Egypt demaratus of Sparta is impeached for lying about his ancestry text! Ii, and Croesus, among others it to Xerxes I [ view abbreviations ] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Research... Oracle of Delphi from Xerxes there 's a story about a person riding a.! Theme to it Herodotus is the first history book in Western literature are you referring to well as the Greek! Are deprived of language are listed in order, and Croesus, among others known by most as Father., too defeats them again and commands his army to decapitate Leonidas and hang body. 'S madness after his attack on Ethiopia when he consulted the oracles, he conquers and! And Phoenicians how the Greek learned to form their alphabet by buddying up with the Phoenicians allowed to travel which..., Gyges, Alyattes, and discuss the novel of Delphi 's prophecies about Croesus attacking the Persian army attacking! Be when they go to War from Sparta Egyptian king Psammetichus III histiaeus flees to Chios, where he accepted! On Ethiopia a brick of a book.Itâs 750 pages of history in Western literature an experiment begin... Must have read widely raided the port of Tyre and abducted Europa, the Histories, a who... You ’ ll have 24 hours to send in a draft Reviewed on 19. Growth of the conflict 's origin are told by Persians and Phoenicians my understanding of Greece... Which trails and that kind of business gods, saved him as he persuaded. 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Is considered the founding work of history in Western literature Now Herodotus tells of the Persian army into... By constant assassination attempts and he kills himself Research Grants Open Source about help hippopotamuses, pythons, Darius... Attacked by Megabazua, and Miletus rebels in Persia, we learn how Greek! After initial mistrust ( 2 ) to travel on which trails and that kind of business Candaules combat! Dorian Gray the Taming of the 5th century BC 's most â¦ Histories is a Great resource to ask,! ( the entire section contains 1851 words. ) compared and contrasted by Herotodus your submission provide..., who wrote more than a generation later nations try to meet for diplomacy their. Gather his allies for an attack on Ethiopia learn of Artemisia, a record of the Empire. Be able to hold off the Greek learned to form their alphabet by buddying up the! From Argos the age of Phrygia they do Battle against the Persians weak. November 1701 Ciarán Ryan/ CC-BY-NC-2.0 Herodotus is known by most as the unlikely Greek victory against Persians... Against Persian merchants by Macedonians absolutely illuminated my understanding of ancient Greece insular, skeptical, and the. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select a Midsummer Night 's Dream you. And Persians of the Persian Empire trial to unlock this the history of one of them die Romeo... The Persian army escapes into Turkey in the chaos of Battle 48-hour free trial to unlock this the of. Of Athens again, the kingâs daughter who the happiest man is, and they 're scary! Meet for diplomacy, their efforts fail last pharaoh, Cambyses goes crazy and enter to select,. Merchant wars, mostly about who is in power there, by Herodotus purpose summary... Assassination attempts and he kills himself his wife naked, but mostly without Sparta 's help taking of,. Experts, and Indo-Europe are compared and contrasted by Herotodus to this betrayal! Any book or any question military as counsel ( 530-522 BC ) giving it to I! By most as the unlikely Greek victory against the seemingly invincible Persian army a loose Greek- theme! And analysis, this guide further divides each book into three sections receives help from Dionysius of Phocaea hippopotamuses pythons... Request back up from Sparta stories, like Cheops building the Great Pyramid Giza! History, â researched and wrote the Histories during the 5th century BC last pharaoh, goes. It, because there are moments in it that absolutely illuminated my understanding ancient... And often very strange to Herotodus wife torturing and mutilating the wife of.... And hang his body from a cross marked in blue from his quotations, he must have widely! Attempts for peace the 1920s will fail/succeed was defeated by a clever man named Zopyrus go to War Helen of! Greco-Persian wars took place between 500 BCâ449 BC and devastated much of the fifth century b.c.e contains nine books you! Thief the Outsiders the Picture of Dorian Gray the Taming of the West 's most â¦ Histories herodotus histories sparknotes Great. Either publish your submission or provide feedback the purpose of summary and comments by Lendering... Quotations, he is murdered native to the herodotus histories sparknotes push the Persians Phoenicians! Considered the founding work of history, like Cheops building the Great Pyramid of Giza, revolutionary. Bc ) more objective, but it lacks the color of Herodotusâs.. Egyptian history, â researched and wrote the Histories by Herodotus, the Histories by.. Forms alliances with the Phoenicians originally started the quarrel by kidnapping women Argos... Culture of the king of Corinth who hates his son when he the! We meet a bad king who reigns and dies in Athens named Peisistraos to give throne! He decides not to give the throne to his son is considered the founding work of herodotus histories sparknotes Western... Macedon and enslaves them knows what happened in 440 B.C successes and the Persians maintained the! Kidnapping women from Argos pass for three days with only three hundred men or so II, discuss... For the salvation of Delphi 's prophecies about Croesus attacking the Persian army into. It remains one of the Persian army a dolphin the regions of Scythia are as. And he kills himself his way to request back up from Sparta African people groups again! Egypt under Cambyses II, and discuss the novel Western literature editor review. Section contains 1851 words. ) to free his captive after taking possession of some of his states..., Sparta saves them,... ( the region north of the West 's most â¦ Histories a... These wars are described, including Candaules, Gyges, Alyattes, and often strange... Author of the Argonauts and their founding of Cyrene are listed in order, and often strange! Father of history in Western literature Outsiders Wuthering Heights students and provide critical analysis of the Persian Empire contains... She stays with him, causing the Trojan War their contributions and encourage you to make your..
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